A Brief History of Chocolate

One of the most beloved foods in the world, chocolate is not just a modern treat. In fact, chocolate-or rather, cacao seeds-has been part of our culinary history for thousands of years.

More than 2,000 years ago in Central America, the Mayan people began consuming a drink made from cacao seeds. There was no sugar in America in those days, and so they flavored the drink with chili peppers and other spices. It was called xocolatl, meaning bitter water. The Mayans used xocolatl for important rituals, such as religious ceremonies or weddings, and believed that consuming it would enhance their health and cure illnesses. Caco seeds became highly valued throughout Central America, and were even used as currency by the Aztecs.

But the biggest development in modern chocolate consumption happened by accident in 1828. C.J.Van Houten, a Dutch chemist, discovered a method for making powdered chocolate when he tried to extract oils from cacao to make the drink smoother. This product became known as "cocoa powder." Not long after, in 1847, a British man named Joseph Fry developed "eating chocolate," which were chocolate bars made of cocoa powder, cocoa butter, and sugar. This led to the first milk chocolate bars, sold by Nestle, a Swiss company. These were created by adding condensed milk to Fry's chocolate bar recipe. Fry's company, Fry & Sons, was later bought by Cadbury. Today, Nestle and Cadbury remain the would's leading chocolate producers.

Chocolate hasn't lost its popularity, and has yet to stop evolving. Stop in your local specialty chocolate shop and you might find chocolate filled with fruit jellies and even flower petals. Food scientists have made chocolate sauces that can harden in seconds, and chocolate bars that don't melt in hot weather. For people who cannot live without chocolate, scientists have added the smell and taste to products like soap, perfume, toothpaste, and lipstick. As world-famous chocolatier Jacques Torres once said, " Chocolate is a magical product."


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お礼日時:2016/11/04 14:01