和訳お願いします！ Although philosophy, in the form of simp
- 質問日時：2017/07/10 00:33
Although philosophy, in the form of simple, stirring ideas, can move every man and even children, its conscious elaboration is never complete, must forever be undertaken anew and must at all times be approached as a living whole—it is manifested in the works of the great philosophers and echoed in the lesser philosophers. It is a task which man will face in one form or another as long as long as he remains man.
Today and not for the first time philosophy is radically attacked and totally rejected as superfluous or harmful.What is the good of it? It does not help us in affliction. Authoritarian church thought has condemned independent philosophy on the ground that it is a worldly temptation which leads man away from God, destroys his soul with vain preoccupations. Political totalitarianism has attacked it on the ground that philosophers have merely interpreted the world in various ways, when the important thing was to change it. Both these schools of thought regarded philosophy as dangerous, for it undermined order, promoted a spirit of independence, hence of revolt, deluded man and distracted him from his practical tasks. Those who uphold another world illumined by a revealed God and those who stand for the exclusive power of a godless here and now would equally wish to extinguish philosophy. And everyday common sense clamors for the simple yardstick of utility, measured by which philosophy again fails. Thales, who is regarded as the first of Greek philosophers, was ridiculed by a slave girl who saw him fall into a well while observing the sky. Why does he search the remote heavens when he is so awkward in his dealings with the things of this world? Must philosophy then justify itself? That is impossible. It cannot justify itself on the basis of a something else for which it is useful. It can only appeal to the forces in every man which drive him toward philosophical thought. It is a disinterested pursuit, to which questions of utility or injuriousness have no relevance, an endeavor proper to man as man, and it will continue to fulfill this striving as long as there are men alive. Even those groups which are hostile to it cannot help harboring their own peculiar ideas and bringing forth pragmatic systems which are a substitute for philosophy, though subservient to a desired end—such as Marxism or fascism. The existence of even these systems shows how indispensable philosophy is to man. Philosophy is always with us.
Philosophy cannot fight, it cannot prove its truth, but it can communicate itself. It offers no resistance where it is rejected, it does not triumph where it gains a hearing. It is a living expression of the basic universality of man, of the bond between all men.
Great systematic philosophies have existed for two and one-half millennia in the West, in China, and in India. A great tradition beckons to us. Despite the wide variety of philosophical thought, despite all the contradictions and mutually exclusive claims to truth, there is in all philosophy a One, which no man possesses but about which all serious efforts have at all times gravitated: the one eternal philosophy, the philosophia perennis. We must seek this historical foundation of our thinking if we would think clearly and meaningfully.
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